Nanik Retnowati


Describing language is one of the most important tasks in Linguistics. Language description may give valuable contribution to language teaching practice. This paper is concerning with describing learners’ language used for chatting. Chatting is a spoken language which is written. As a natural language it may have its own structure which can be described. From the point of view of syntax, spoken language usually has its own set of grammar patterns which sometimes may be quite different from that in written language. Language used for chatting would likely provide important information moreover if it is done by language learners who are in the process of trying to make sense of the series of knowledge both on language elements and their usage in the real communication. Chatting task with foreigners was applied to the early semester of English learners. Using Syntactical and Conversation Analysis, this study found the characteristics of the natural language used for chatting and some strategies used by the participants to survive the communication. The description gives an important clue to the benefits of chatting activities for the English learners.

Full Text:



Cole, Peter. Ed. 19….Syntax and Semantics. Vol 9.

Corder, S.Pit. 1981. Error Analysis and Interlanguage. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hudson, R.A. 1985. Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Holmes, Janet. 2001. nd ed. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited

James, Carl. 1998. Errors in Language Learning and Use. London: Longman.

Johnstone, Barbara. 2002. Discourse Analysis. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.

Matthews, Peter. 1997. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mesthrie, Rajend. Ed. 2001. Concise Encyclopedia of Sociolinguistics. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Renkema, Jan. 1993. Discourse Studies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company

Wardhaugh, Ronald. 1993. InvestigatingLanguage. Oxford: Blackwell.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32832/english.v13i2.3781

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 134 times
PDF - 207 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

  ISSN                 eISSN                  Supervised By:


Jl. K.H. Sholeh Iskandar km 2 Bogor 16162 Jawa Barat, Indonesia Telp/Fax: 0251-8335335