Role of fathers based on Islamic education concept and its implementation of Islamic Senior High School (MAN) in Jakarta

Bunyanul Arifin, Endin Mujahidin, Zainal Abidin Arief


There are a number of theories about the role of fathers of children that developed since the 1980s until the decade of the 20th century. Michael E. Lamb is an important scientist who pioneered the study of Fathering. A number of other theories continue to grow along with the increasing complexity of fatherhood. In this study the author formulates the role of fathers in the perspective of Islamic education into six dimensions, namely; First, the role of the father as the leader. The second, the role of fathers as an economic provider. The third, the father's role as the protector. The fourth, the role of the father as an educator. The fifth, the role of fathers as playmates. And the sixth, the role of the father as a friend. All of six dimensions of the role of the father has a theological and ideological foundation of the teachings of the Qur'an and Sunnah. This research is qualitative descriptive. Respondents are 500 students of Islamic Senior High School (MAN) located in West Jakarta consisting of six schools. And from the results, the data concluded that the role of fathers to children in the perspective of Islamic education is 44%. Of the six dimensions of the role of the father of the child of the highest figure achieved in the father's role as a patron or protector which reached 64%. Next is the father's role as a provider of economic necessity or breadwinner by 60.8%. While the role of the father lowest perceived role as a friend of the child is a child who is only 25.3% later role as a child's play by 29%. As for the father's role as a leader is also not very high at 44.7% and roles as educators or teachers for children are also at only 40.8%. Based on the results obtained from the questionnaires, surveys, and interviews both to the students, the principal and vice-principal, the authors concluded that the role of the father of the child in the perspective of Islamic education is still not achieved significant results even tend to be small and short of expectations.


Parenting; Role of Father; Islamic Education


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