Pengaruh worldview ateis terhadap teori evolusi

Irfan Habibie Martanegara, Adian Husaini, Nirwan Syafrin

Abstract


Artikel ini mendeskripsikan pandangan Richard Dawkins mengenai teori evolusi dan menganalisis pengaruh worldview ateis yang dipegang Dawkins terhadap teori evolusi. Jenis penelitian ini adalah studi pustaka (library research). Dalam penelitian ini, penulis merujuk pada karya-karya Richard Dawkins terutama The God Delusion yang membahas tentang ateisme, The Greatest Shown on The Earth yang merangkum pikirannya mengenai evolusi, dan The Magic of Reality yang berbicara tentang sains secara umum. Penelitian ini akan dilakukan dalam tiga tahap, yaitu inventarisasi, seleksi, dan evaluasi kritis. Pertama, Dawkins menganggap bahwa posisi teori evolusi sangat kuat sampai-sampai ia menganggapnya sebagai fakta atau realitas yang pasti terjadi. Kedua, terlihat jelas bahwa worldview naturalisme mempengaruhi penyimpulan sains. Bahkan keberanian Dawkins berani menaikkan status evolusi dari teori menjadi fakta atau realitas merupakan konsekuensi worldview ini.


Keywords


teori sains; worldview ateis; naturalisme; sains historis; realisme saintifik

Full Text:

PDF

References


Atheist Census - Country data. (n.d.). Retrieved April 3, 2019, from http://www.atheistcensus.com/country

Badan Pusat Statistik (Ed.). (2013). Proyeksi penduduk Indonesia 2010-2035. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.

Chalmers, A. F. (1999). What is this thing called Science? (third edition). Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.

Cleland, C. (2002). Methodological and epistemic differences between historical science and experimental science. Philosophy of Science, 69(3), 474496.

Cullen, K. (2009). Encyclopedia of Life Science (Vol. 1). New York: Facts On File, Inc.

Dawkins, R. (1986). The Blind Watchmaker. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Dawkins, R. (1995). River Out of Eden: A Darwinian View of Life. New York: Basic Books.

Dawkins, R. (2006). The Selfish Gene (30th anniversary edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dawkins, R. (2009). The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution. New York: Free Press.

Dawkins, R. (2011). The Magic of Reality: How We Know Whats Really True. New York: Free Press.

Fales, E. (2007). Naturalism and Physicalism. In M. Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Flanagan, O. (2002). The Problem of the Soul: Two Visions of Mind and How to Reconcile Them. New York: Basic Books.

Flew, A. (2007). There Is A God: How the Worlds Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind. New York: Harper One.

Goetz, S. (2011). Making Things Happen: Souls in Action. In M. C. Baker (Ed.), The Soul Hypothesis: Investigations into the Existence of the Soul. New York: Continum.

Haught, J. F. (2006). Is Nature Enough?: Meaning and Truth in the Age of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Haught, J. F. (2008). God and the New Atheism: A critical response to Dawkins, Harris, and Hitchens. Westminster John Knox Press.

Hawking, S. (1988). A Brief History of Time: From The Big Bang to Black Holes. New York: Bantam Book.

Lennox, J. C. (2009). Gods Undertaker: Has Science Buried God? Oxford: Lion UK.

Lynn, R., Harvey, J., & Nyborg, H. (2009). Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Intelligence, 37(1), 1115.

McGrath, A., & McGrath, J. C. (2011). The Dawkins delusion?: Atheist fundamentalism and the denial of the divine. InterVarsity Press.

Nagel, T. (1997). The Last Word. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nola, R., & Irzik, G. (2005). Philosophy, Science, Education & Culture.

Okasha, S. (2002). Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Peer-Reviewed Articles Supporting Intelligent Design. (n.d.). Retrieved April 30, 2019, from Center for Science and Culture website: https://www.discovery.org/id/peer-review/

Popper, K. R. (2002). Conjectures And Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. New York: Basic Books.

Prothero, D. R. (2007). Evolution: What the Fossils Say and Why It Matters. New York: Columbia University Press.

Sarfati, J. (2002). Refuting Evolution 2. Green Forest: Master Books.

Shehu, S. (1998). Islamization of Knowledge Conceptual Background Vision and Tasks. Kano: International Institute of Islamic Thought.

Sober, E. (Ed.). (2006). Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Turner, D. (2007). Making Prehistory Historical Science and the Scientific Realism Debate. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Walters, K. (2010). Atheism: A Guide for The Perplexed. New York: Continuum.

Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: Contemporary Numbers and Patterns. In M. Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. New York: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32832/tadibuna.v8i1.1881

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 617 times
PDF - 562 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lantai 1 Gedung Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Ibn Khaldun Bogor

Jl. K.H. Sholeh Iskandar km 2 Bogor 16162 Jawa Barat, Indonesia Telp/Fax: 0251-8335335

Flag Counter

View My Stats