Hukuman dalam perspektif santri dan pendidikan pondok pesantren

Azam Syukur Rahmatullah

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to deepen how the punishment in Islamic boarding schools is carried out, which will be explored about characteristics of the punishments that exist in the three types of Islamic boarding schools: salafiyah, khalafiyah, and combination Islamic boarding schools (between salafiyah and khalafiyah boarding school). The method that used in this research is a content analysis approach, where the researcher will explore the content and the meaning of punishments that exist in three types of Islamic boarding school. Researchers will trace the results of previous research (essay, theses, dissertations, or research journals) that related to existing punishment in salafiyah, khalafiyah, and combination Islamic boarding schools. The analysis contains two results. First, the punishment imposed in the three Islamic boarding schools are following the types of delinquency carried out by the students, be it minor, moderate, or severe delinquency, and each has various forms of punishment. The second result is, two types of punishment exist in Islamic boarding schools, that is legal punishment and illegal punishment. Legal punishment is an official punishment from the Islamic boarding schools, while illegal punishment is an illegal punishment from the Islamic boarding schools which is carried out by seniors to weak juniors because of revenge, dislike, and hatred.

 

Abstrak

Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk memperdalam bagaimana pelaksanaan hukuman yang ada di pesantren, yang nantinya ditelusuri tentang karakteristik dari hukuman–hukuman yang ada di tiga tipe pesantren; yakni pesantren salafiyah, khalafiyah dan kombinasi (antara pesantren salafiyah dan khalafiyah). Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan content analysis, di mana peneliti akan menelusuri isi dan kebermaknaan dari hukuman yang ada di tiga jenis pesantren. Peneliti akan menelusuri isi dari hasil-hasil penelitian sebelumnya (baik skripsi, tesis, disertasi ataupun jurnal penelitian) terkait dengan hukuman yang ada di pesantren salafiyah, khalafiyah dan kombinasi. Ada dua hal yang menjadi dua temuan penelitian. Pertama, hukuman yang diberlakukan di tiga pesantren menyesuaikan dengan jenis kenakalan-kenakalan yang dilakukan santri; kenakalan santri jenis ringan, sedang dan berat, dan masing-masing beragam bentuk hukumannya. Temuan kedua, ada dua jenis hukuman yang ada di pesantren yakni hukuman legal dan hukuman ilegal, hukuman legal adalah hukuman resmi dari pesantren, sedangkan hukuman ilegal adalah hukuman tidak resmi dari pesantren yang dilakukan oleh senior kepada yunior yang lemah dengan dasar balas dendam, ketidaksukaan dan kebencian.


Keywords


hukuman; khalafiyah; pondok pesantren; salafiyah

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32832/tadibuna.v10i1.4052

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