ANALISIS KINERJA GASIFIER UNGGUN TETAP ALIRAN KE BAWAH MENGGUNAKAN UMPAN KAYU UNTUK MESIN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK TENAGA GAS

Yogi Sirodz Gaos, Hanang Agna Pradana Putra, Syamsul Bahry

Abstract


PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF FIXED BED GASIFIER USING FLOW DOWN PINE
CHIPWOOD FOR GAS ENGINE POWER GENERATION. In recent years energy resourcesdwindling oil so it is necessary to replace it with renewable energy sources. Biomass is one of therenewable energy sources which has gasification technology, in which these technologies cantransform wood into gas fuel (syngas).
The research methodology is how to design and manufacture of; gasifier, cyclone and wetscrubber based on the needs of the gas engine performance. The apparatus for wood analysis by usingThermal Conductivity Detection (TCD) and Firing Ionization Detection (FID) to get the calorificvalue, proximate (containing of; moisture, ash, volatile matter and fixed carbon) and ultimate
(containing of; carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen) in the wood. Gas chromatography analyser isused to determine the syngas chemical composition and Thermocouple K-type (National Instrument) isused to obtain temperature distribution.
From the test results in the data obtained in the temperature distribution in the drying zone ofthe gasifier at 41C, pyrolysis zone at 98 C, oxidation zone at 970 C and reduction zones at 63 C.Meanwhile, syngas temperature in the cyclone outlet is 36,8 C and in the wet scrubber outlet is35,96C. Syngas chemical composition generated output gasifier as follows; CO=29,3%, H2=5,6%,CH4=1,03%, CO2=1,33%, and N2=47,35%, meanwhile on the output side of the cyclone;CO=28,05%, H2=4,15%, CH4= 0,44%, CO2= 1,39%, and N2= 49,61% and on the output side of thewet scrubber; CO= 25,63%, H2= 4,49% , CH4= 0,80%, CO2=1,72%, and N2= 51,01%.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32832/ame.v1i1.104

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Copyright (c) 2015 Yogi Sirodz Gaos, Hanang Agna Pradana Putra, Syamsul Bahry

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